Swimming’s world governing physique authorized the brand new “gender inclusion” coverage on Sunday, after 71.5% of FINA’s member federations voted in favor on the 2022 FINA Extraordinary Normal Congress.
The brand new gender inclusion coverage, which can come into impact on June 20, 2022, says male-to-female transgender athletes will solely be eligible to compete within the feminine classes at FINA competitions in the event that they transition earlier than the age of 12. or earlier than they attain stage two on the Tanner scale of puberty.
The coverage additionally says that athletes who’ve beforehand used testosterone as a part of female-to-male gender-affirming hormone remedy will solely be eligible to compete in girls’s competitors if the testosterone was used for lower than a yr in whole, the remedy doesn’t have happen throughout puberty and serum testosterone ranges return to pre-treatment ranges.
Because of the vote, FINA stated it should set up a brand new working group to develop open class occasions for athletes who don’t meet the governing physique’s eligibility standards for the lads’s or girls’s classes.
FINA oversees aquatic competitions in swimming, water polo, diving, creative swimming, and open water swimming and excessive diving.
“We now have to guard the rights of our athletes to compete, however we even have to guard aggressive equity in our occasions, particularly within the girls’s class at FINA competitions,” FINA President Husain Al-Musallam stated. “FINA will all the time welcome all athletes. The creation of an open class will imply that everybody has the chance to compete at an elite degree. This has not been performed earlier than, so FINA might want to prepared the ground. I would like everybody to athletes really feel included in with the ability to develop concepts throughout this course of.
A number of months later, in January 2022, the Worldwide Federation of Sports activities Drugs and the European Federation of Sports activities Drugs Associations issued a joint place assertion questioning components of the IOC’s place.
FINA says it has responded by forming a job pressure to “take into account the very best obtainable statistical, scientific and medical proof on intercourse variations in athletic efficiency and any male-related benefits,” and use the data to set eligibility standards. for transgender athletes. .
The duty pressure was made up of a bunch of athletes, which in line with FINA included transgender athletes and coaches, a science and drugs group, in addition to a authorized and human rights group.
On the time of their transition in 2019, the NCAA required transgender athletes to have a yr of hormone alternative remedy to be able to compete.
Regardless of the backlash, Penn Athletics and the Ivy League maintained their assist for the transgender swimmer, with greater than 300 present and former swimmers signing an open letter defending her capability to compete.